Typhoon Tornado Tsunami Preparedness Tips
With the number of natural disasters seemingly on the increase, this article covers emergency Preparedness tips for the three T’s (Typhoons, Tornado’s and Tsunami’s). The idea behind today’s article was to provide some helpful Typhoon Tornado Tsunami emergency preparedness tips together in one place.
Emergency Preparedness Tips for Typhoons
Countries that are situated close to major oceans are on occasion affected by the extreme weather phenomenon. Often different words are used in relation to a typhoon. For example, when related to the Indian ocean it’s sometimes called a cyclone. In the Pacific, it’s widely called a typhoon. In the United States, it’s often called a hurricane. Typhoons are clusters of thunderstorms that form over tropical ocean waters. Caused by low-pressure weather systems in the northwest Pacific. Typhoons don’t happen instantly it often takes a number of days for one to form.
Nowadays we use weather satellites to track and monitor typhoons. They are relatively easy to track because of their huge radius and accumulated cloud system. Weather satellite tracking technology aids weather organizations in providing as much forewarning as possible to government and safety bodies. This allows typhoon safety warnings to be given to any potential people who could be affected.
Fortunately, areas that are well-known for suffering from typhoons have planned safety measures in place to warn and prepare people for occurrences of typhoons. Evacuation procedures are in place in order to limit injuries and casualties. Normally standard procedure is to aim to issue typhoon warnings 24 to 48 hours before the typhoon is expected to hit landfall.
Preparing for a Typhoon
Even though we are getting better at predicting where and when typhoons will hit. It is still advisable for anyone who currently resides in an area that is prone to typhoons make their own essential preparations.
Make sure you have a radio that’s not solely reliant upon electricity, for example, a battery and or wind up radio. This will ensure you can monitor news updates on the situation.
Store enough food and drinking water for your family. Typhoons often bring torrential rains and destructive winds that may damage local infrastructure. If your local food stores can’t resupply or you can’t reach them you need enough food and water to get you through.
Ensure you have suitable clothing to combat any heavy rain and wind that the typhoon will bring. You may also need to evacuate so make sure you have suitable jackets and other rain gear.
If you consider your home to be safe to remain, for example, you have a storm shelter. Stay indoors before and during the typhoon to ensure personal safety. Power cables may have fallen onto the streets putting you at risk if you venture outside. Flying and falling debris will also be a factor that could cause injuries and casualties if you venture out. (always listen to and head the advice local authorities are broadcasting)
If you are not warned to evacuate and you plan to stay put. Take steps to ensure your home is sturdy enough to endure extreme winds and possible flash floods. If in doubt of your homes ability to provide safety, evacuate and head to your pre-designated evacuation or safety center.
Typhoons are a naturally occurring weather phenomenon and can not be prevented. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t take steps to protect yourself.
Emergency Preparedness Tips for Tornado’s
A tornado occurs when a funnel of spiraling air comes out of nowhere and tears through anything in its path. Tornado paths can range from between 100 yards to 2.6 miles wide and are rarely more than 15 miles long. Most tornadoes don’t last any longer than 10 minutes but they can last anywhere from several seconds to more than an hour.
Preparing for a Tornado
Tornado’s act similarly to hurricanes if you find yourself about to be caught up in one. You should hunker down and wait till it’s over. Here are some tips that can help you be tornado prepared:
If you live in a tornado prone area you should consider building a storm shelter. A storm shelter or storm cellar is a type of underground bunker designed to protect the occupants from violent severe weather like tornadoes.
Your storm shelter should have an ample supply of food, water, medicine and other necessities. Enough for your whole family just in case the worst happens and you take a direct hit.
If a tornado strikes and there is not enough time to reach your shelter. Try to head the closest area that can provide you with secure shelter until the tornado has passed through. For example shelter in a sturdy building. If no buildings are close get as far away from trees and cars as you can because they could be blown onto you in a tornado. Lie flat and face-down on the low ground. Protect the back of your head with your arms.
It’s likely that the tornado will temporarily wipe out the power. Having a portable radio and a set of batteries will keep you updated on what is happening outside.
If you live in a tornado-prone area, consider holding regular family tornado drills so everyone will know what to do when it happens. For example, setting and practicing the time it takes you to reach the safety of your shelter.
Tornadoes are unpredictable and can happen at any time. It is better to be prepared than be caught out unaware.
Emergency Preparedness Tips for Tsunami’s
Tsunamis are waves caused by sudden displacement of the ocean due to earthquakes or landslides on the sea floor. They can also be caused major volcanic eruptions or large meteorite impacts. The majority of tsunamis are caused by large earthquakes at the seafloor. They form when large slabs of rock are forced to move past each other suddenly causing the overlying water to move. The resulting wave moves outwards and away from this event.
If an underground earthquake has been detected, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center based in Hawaii will issue the news to the countries in the region. Since the impact is not yet known, an advisory will be sent about possible areas that will be hit.
During this time, residents should already begin moving out of the danger zone. People can go deeper inland or run to the hills. It will be a good idea to bring water, food, and clothing. Packing a light transistor radio will also be helpful to be able to stay informed when it is safe to come down.
Tsunami emergency preparation does not end when the reports predict that it is on the way. People will still be there monitoring the situation to issue a warning cancellation if nothing happened or if it is safe to return.
Preparing for a Tsunami
Research the potential any possible tsunami risk in your area to find out if your home, school, workplace or other frequently visited locations are in tsunami hazard areas. Find out what height your home is above sea level and the distance of your street from the coast or other high-risk waters. Evacuation orders may be based on these numbers.
If the area you live in is at risk from tsunamis, do the following:
Plan an evacuation route from your home, school, workplace, or any other place you’ll be where tsunamis present a risk. If possible, pick an area 100 feet above sea level or go up to two miles inland, away from the coastline. If you can’t get this high or far, go as high as you can. Every foot inland or upwards may make a difference.
You should be able to reach your safe location on foot within 15 minutes. After a disaster, roads may become impassable or blocked. Be prepared to evacuate by foot if necessary. Footpaths normally lead uphill and inland, while many roads parallel coastlines. Follow posted tsunami evacuation routes; these will lead to safety. Local emergency management officials can help advise you as to the best route to safety and likely shelter locations.
Practice your evacuation route. Familiarity may save your life. Be able to follow your escape route at night and during inclement weather. Practicing your plan makes the appropriate response more of a reaction, requiring less thinking during an actual emergency situation.
Use a radio, (preferably one that has a battery back up) to keep informed of local watches and warnings.
Review flood safety and preparedness measures with your family. Discussing tsunami’s with your family will help everyone know what to do. Everyone should know what to do in case all family members are not together at the time it hits. Discussing tsunamis ahead of time will help reduce fear and anxiety.
Typhoon Tornado Tsunami Emergency Preparedness Tips Summary
Whilst, not an exhaustive list I hope you have found the Typhoon Tornado Tsunami Emergency Preparedness Tips above helpful. If you feel that I may have missed any typhoon tornado tsunami emergency preparedness Tips why not add them to the comments section below so other readers can benefit.
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