Emergency Preparedness Guide
Whether you’re just starting out as a prepper or you’re simply concerned about being ready to deal with an emergency. Understanding Basic emergency preparedness and making a plan for what you would do is essential.
Planning ahead and preparing for an emergency now you will give yourself a better chance of surviving an emergency situation.
The aim of this article is to offer a step-by-step basic emergency preparedness guide with some actions you can take.
Why Do I Need To Be Prepared For An Emergency?
We live in a world that continues to suffer from both natural and man-made emergencies. In the majority of cases, we receive little or no warning of their occurrence. When they happen they can have devastating effects but with a little forward planning, such devastation can be reduced.
Think of it as an insurance policy, we have vehicle insurance in case of an accident. We take out home insurance in case of an emergency such as a flood. Making an emergency preparedness plan will make sure you are prepared and will reduce stress and panic levels when an unexpected emergency strikes.
Getting Started With Emergency Preparedness
The first step to emergency preparedness is to think about what could happen. For example is the area you live in at constant risk from flood or other severe weather. Do you live in an area that could be subject to a man-made disaster like living close to a nuclear power plant? Or a large city that could be a target of a terror attack?
Once you have thought about the possible events that could happen. You should discuss them with other family members, close friends, and neighbors. Talk about your concerns with another and begin to create an emergency preparedness plan for dealing with such events.
Putting Together An Emergency Preparedness Plan
The steps involved in putting together an emergency preparedness plan are:
Make an emergency communications plan.
Choose meeting places.
Create an emergency preparedness survival kit.
Making An Emergency Communications Plan
Making an emergency communication plan is essential because it will enable you to check on your loved ones if you get separated as a result of a disaster or emergency. Ideally, you should select a person to contact who lives in a different area to you. This person can then be contacted by phone or email to check on each other’s whereabouts and wellbeing should a disaster occur.
They should live far enough away from you so that they would be unlikely to be directly affected by the same event as you. Make sure you remember to discuss your communication plan with this person. So they know they are your chosen contact and what they would need to do.
Once they have agreed to be your out-of-town contact make sure each member of the family has their contact information such as email address, social media details, and phone numbers.
Choosing Emergency Meeting Places
Planning ahead by choosing a planned meeting place is a good idea because everyone in your family will know where to head for in the event of an emergency. This will save time and reduce stress and confusion for all concerned.
The location of your pre pre-planned meeting place will be up to you. For example, you may plan to stay with family or friends in the event of an emergency. Or you may have nominated a shelter or hotel to stay in.
Ideally, you should choose two emergency locations, in opposite directions from another. This is because You won’t know, until an actual emergency strikes, in which direction you will need to evacuate.
Remember to make plans for any pets in your household as pets are rarely permitted in shelters and some hotels will not accept them.
If you have children it’s also a good idea to check with their schools to find out what the schools emergency preparedness plans are. For example, will they keep children at school until a parent or designated adult can pick them up?
Make sure the school has all of your up to date contact information, also double check what authorization the school needs to release a child to someone you choose. If you are not able to pick them up yourself.
Create An Emergency Preparedness Survival Kit
Whether you are told to evacuate your home or shelter in place. Having some essential supplies on hand will help you out in an emergency situation.
Prepare an emergency preparedness kit in an easy-to-carry bag such as a backpack or sports bag. Your kit should include items like a change of clothing for each family member, a sleeping bag for each person, a hand crank or battery-powered radio with spare batteries, emergency food, bottled water. And some basic tools like a pocket knife.
It’s also a good idea to include some money along with copies of important documents such as birth certificates and passports.
Don’t forget to include any Include items specific to household members. Such as infant formula or prescription medication and medical items for older adults or anyone who has a disability.
What Could Happen If An Emergency Strikes?
This will very much depend on the severity of the emergency. In extreme situations, there could be high casualty levels and significant damage to buildings and the local infrastructure.
Medical services and emergency responders resources in the affected communities may be stretched to their limits. Or even unable to cope in the short-term at least.
Schools and workplaces may have to close due to power outages or failure of other local infrastructure such as water. Stores may not be restocked due to damage to road infrastructure.
Extensive media coverage can lead to public fear and panic leading to levels of violence and looting.
It’s important to consider these possibilities but remember to stick to your emergency preparedness plan stay calm and avoid panic.
What To Do In The Event Of An Emergency
In the event of an emergency remember to stay calm and be patient. Listen to your radio or television for news and instructions and follow the advice of local emergency services.
If disaster strikes where you live, check for family members for injuries and give basic first aid to those with minor injuries. Get help for people who are more seriously injured.
If you are at home check for any damage using a flashlight but do not use matches or candles or turn on electrical switches. Check for leaking gas, if you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open the windows, and get everyone outside quickly.
Shut off any damaged utilities and check on your pets as they too can suffer in stressful emergency situations.
Pick up your disaster supplies kit, and double check the emergency radio is working. Tune in and continue listening to your radio for emergency advice.
Evacuation in an emergency
If you are advised to evacuate your home you should act immediately by locking up and leaving your home. Remember to take your disaster supplies kit and your pets with you.
Use the travel routes recommended by the local authorities. Don’t be tempted to take shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous. For example, downed power lines or significant flooding.
If you’re able to head to the safe place you chose when making your plan. You can do this and remember to use your communication plan as well. If you have no choice but to head for an evacuation center, follow the advice you are given.
Emergency Preparedness 101 Conclusion
Don’t put off making your emergency preparedness plan until its too late! Start today by considering any potential emergencies that could occur and discussing them with your family. Start getting hold of the items you will need to help your through if an emergency event occurs.